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Safe Handling of Raw Milk: Keep it Fresh!

How long does raw milk last? Can you freeze raw milk?

raw milk safety

If you’re a raw milk consumer or producer, this is information you need to read! The following is a summary (with comments – how can I refrain?) of the Consumers’ Guide to Fresh, Whole, Unprocessed Milk: Safe Handling by Peggy Beals, RN

“There are numerous factors in the management and handling of fresh, unprocessed milk that differ from that of commercially processed milk.” i.e. Raw milk is just NOT the same as store milk! (Photo source)

There are all sorts of things that the farmer can and should do on the farm to keep raw milk safe and healthy for his customer. That’s not what I’m here to talk about. Once you’ve decided to go with a raw milk share or purchase raw milk, you as a consumer need to know how to keep your milk the freshest and safest possible. We are new to raw milk as of January, so we’re still learning. This was really helpful info!

Need to learn more about how to use raw milk? Try GNOWFGLINS Fundamentals, a multimedia course with videos, text files, and teacher interaction to help you through the new frontier of traditional foods.

How to Store Raw Milk: The Cold Chain

“A fundamental tenet of handling fresh, unprocessed milk is to maintain what California Organic Pastures dairy farmer Mark McAfee calls the “cold chain”. This aspect of risk management begins with the immediate rapid cooling of milk after milking and continues through all the steps of dispensing, transport and storage. The ideal goal for home storage is to hold milk between 35 and 38 degrees F. There must be no break in the cold chain.”

This means that your milk cannot get above 38 degrees F, even in your car on your x-minute drive home from the farm in 90-degree summer heat. Can you make that guarantee? Only if you take certain precautions.

Our dairy farm is very good about reminding the cow share customers to use their coolers and ice packs, (all the time) especially in the summer months.

Store Raw Milk in Glass Containers

Why?

  • Can get them sparkling clean
  • Keeps milk colder than plastic
  • (although seamless stainless steel is even better)

What kind of glass?

  • Only tempered glass (no shattering)
  • Best size:  two quarts (1/2 gallon) or smaller are best because they cool faster than gallons, are easier to handle and keep cold evenly.
  • Our milk comes in gallon jars, so it would be advisable to transfer to half gallon size or quarts upon coming home.
  • Plastic lids are the best, because metal lids rust and get dings and then shouldn’t be used for food anymore.

How to clean raw milk containers

Milk jars should be VERY clean to prevent contamination! Milk dries almost clear, so even with glass you might miss a spot. “An incompletely clean bottle that has been capped for a while will have a definitely odor when opened.”

  • Rinsing or soaking empty bottles right away helps a lot. Lukewarm water will remove most milk and cream.
  • Do not use hot water first, because it will “set” the milk proteins, gradually forming a film that can cause odor and souring of your milk.
  • If you’re going to use the dishwasher for the jars, rinse and rub them first with cold and/or lukewarm water.
  • If you’re handwashing the jars, still begin with lukewarm water before plunging the jar into hot dishwater.
  • Be sure to use a bottle brush if your hand is too large to fit into your jar.

How Long Does Raw Milk Last? 

Milk should still taste good after 7-10 days; if not, troubleshoot with your farmer:

  1. Are others having the same problem?
  2. Is the milk being chilled quickly and immediately and traveling to your home without a break in the cold chain?
  3. Very hard water can make an impact.
  4. Try disinfecting the jars (see below).

Sanitizing Raw Milk Jars

  • Air dry in the direct sunlight, minimum of 20 minutes, best between 10-2:00.
  • Place drained jars in a warm but turned-off oven (after baking something would work, just make sure the temp is not over 150 degrees F). Obviously don’t include the plastic lids.
  • Metal lids can be disinfected with boiling water and put in the oven to dry.
  • Make sure bottles are completely dry before capping for storage.
  • May use dishwasher to sanitize; wide-mouthed jars only. “Sally Fallon suggests using minimal detergent and putting it in only the first wash cup so that the regular wash becomes an extra rinse to better remove detergent residue and odors.”

“Potential difficulty with the dishwasher method is that glass can become unsanitary – either finely pitted/etched from sand or spotted from minerals in hard water – over time.”

3% Hydrogen Peroxide Solution Method for Sanitizing Raw Milk Jars

“The HPS method is effective for extra cleanliness of your containers if your milk does not keep for at least a week, and to reduce spotting from hard water.

Hand-wash and rinse as above. HPS is most reactive at high dilution, so use in wet jars. Set wet bottles with lids and/or caps in a shallow container to catch the solution so it can be reused for several bottles. One to two ounces of HPS will treat 3-4 bottles.

Pour about one ounce of 3% HPS over the mouth and inside of a bottle, then cap or cover it with your hand and shake for one minutes to distribute the liquid. Pour HPS into the next container and set the first aside to drain. When you have used HPS on all your bottles, hold them up to the light. Any remaining organic material will show up as foamy white bubbles. Repeat the hand washing until no foam appears on contact with HPS.

When all containers have been treated, rinse well to remove any traces of chemical stabilizers from the HPS. Place containers on a clean towel to drain and dry.

The HPS method is very useful for deodorizing a bottle after milk has spoiled in it. To deodorize bottles it is best to fill them with HPS and allow them to soak overnight. Repeat as necessary.”

I really like this idea over using a bleach solution because it’s more environmentally sound and good for my family’s health, plus it’s great that you can see the milk protein with the bubbling action and know if you need a “do-over”. I’m sure HPS can be purchased in bulk if necessary.

Oven Method of Sanitizing Raw Milk Jars

If HPS doesn’t work well enough, use this method.

“Preheat oven to 220 degrees F. Place washed, rinsed and well-drained containers in the oven for 20 minutes. Turn off oven. Allow containers to cool in a closed oven for ease of handling, to avoid a sudden change of temperature (which could cause cracking) and also to reduce air contamination until you are ready to cap the containers.”

Containers that are properly washed and prepared will “keep” clean for several weeks once capped.

Transportation tips

Always use coolers, ice packs, and something to cushion the jars inside the coolers. You could use a blanket or cardboard.

If you fill your own, it’s best to fill cold jars. Using ice packs can accomplish this.

How to Store Raw Milk at Home

  • Check temp of fridge; should be 38 degrees or below.
  • Store milk in the coldest part of the fridge if possible.
  • Use the door shelf only for the bottle in current use.
  • May need to place ice packs next to milk in fridge if having spoiling problems, especially for the milk that will be stored the longest.
  • My tip:  Whenever I’m thawing meat or frozen leftovers, I put them on and around my milk jars to help accomplish this super-cold space.
  • Promptly return bottle(s) to fridge after pouring from them.
  • Milk also decreases in quality if it is too cold. You don’t want ice crystals in your milk.

Can You Freeze Raw Milk? Yes! 

  1. Use plastic (to prevent shattering) and leave 1 in. headroom.
  2. Freeze as quickly as possible (the coldest part of your freezer) and shake periodically during freezing to keep cream in suspension and the cold distributed evenly.
  3. To use, thaw slowly at room temp until there is just a small chunk of ice in the milk.
  4. Shake milk often during thawing to keep it cold throughout.
  5. Fast thawing will result in curdling and/or separation of cream from milk.

Our milk co-op group has found that keeping the COLD CHAIN consistent makes a big difference in the milk’s longevity. Nobody likes sour milk, especially at $6 a gallon! I’m always pleased to be able to keep my milk at its best, so using ice/frozen food in the fridge, smaller containers, and making sure if you travel distances with milk you freeze it first are very important to me.

Unless otherwise credited, photos are owned by the author or used with a license from Canva or Deposit Photos.

71 thoughts on “Safe Handling of Raw Milk: Keep it Fresh!”

  1. Hello there,

    Thank you for this post is very informative. I was wondering if once the raw milk is refrigerated if kefir or something else can be made out of it?

    I have a quart that’s been sitting in my refrigerator for six days and now tastes a bit funky is there something I can do so it won’t go to waste?

    1. Carolyn @ Kitchen Stewardship

      Sorry it took a while to answer this and I’m probably too late. For future reference though, you can bake with slightly soured milk and substitute it for buttermilk. If you want to make it into yogurt or kefir you’ll get less reliable results but you could try it. Katie has tips for making raw milk yogurt in this post: https://www.kitchenstewardship.com/how-to-make-perfect-thick-creamy-raw-milk-yogurt-plus-how-to-fail-miserably-and-laugh-at-yourself/

  2. delaney drake

    I am starting a sheep milk herd share for my local community. Just had my milk tested and the numbers aren’t where I want them. So I am revamping my cleaning methods. This was super helpful. My question is about filtering. I sent in the tests without filtering, so not sure if that’s why the numbers are off. But when it comes to filtering, is it better to do after milking or after refrigerating? I’ve been throwing it in the fridge and filtering after a few days so I have enough and aren’t wasting filters on only a jar. But, wondering if that’s not best practices. Better to filter immediately.

    1. Bring your milk in, filter it immediately into sterile jars, and cool quickly with 5-10 minutes in the freezer then into cold fridge. Don’t forget it’s in the freezer!!!

  3. We just bought a share of a local herd and are loving our raw milk! My question is this: my daughter gets a bottle of warm goat milk (not raw, unfortunately) before bed and when she wakes up in the morning. I’d like to transition her to this raw milk. Is it ok for me to add about 1-2oz hot water to a 6oz bottle of cold raw milk? That’s how I prepare her goat milk bottles but I’m not sure if that’s ok to do with raw milk.

    1. Adding a little warm water will not harm the milk. You could also gently warm it on the stove without the added water.

  4. Hey
    So I would like to know if I could freeze the cream?
    I dont get much milk each time, and I would like to make butter. so i need to freez some until I get enough to make the butter.
    Thanks
    -Yael

      1. Question – is the intent of this to just keep it tasting good or avoid pathogens that could make you sick?

        1. Carolyn @ Kitchen Stewardship

          Liz, if the cream has spoiled then it will taste bad and you’re risking it making you sick as well, so I would say it’s both.

  5. Hello! I am seeing these comments are kind of old but we just started a herd share and found your post. Very helpful! But I was wondering, ours tend to go bad in almost a week (sometimes less). We pick up every week so sometimes the new gallon will sit in our smaller fridge that we do not get into often, for a few days, at the most a week. How long does fresh milk tend to keep?
    Thank you so much for all the information!

    1. Carolyn @ Kitchen Stewardship

      Hi Amanda, it should keep for at least a week, up to 10 days. In this comment thread, there are a few suggestions to figure out why your milk doesn’t last as long. https://www.kitchenstewardship.com/recipes/safe-handling-of-raw-milk-keep-it-fresh/#comment-1143381

  6. You might find this interesting.

    https://returntonow.net/2018/06/24/raw-milk-vs-pasteurized-unrefrigerated/

    1. Can you pasteurize milk after refrigeration? Basically I want to know if after buying raw milk can you bring it home and pasteurize it after its already been in the refrigerator?

  7. Hi
    This is so terribly informative, I would to thank you for that and I would also like to ask some advice on defrosting the raw milk, how should it be done and for how long can one keep milk in the freezer.

    Thank you
    Ella

    1. Ella,
      Just defrost raw milk in the fridge and shake it every few hours when you remember or are in the fridge anyway. I’m not sure the official freezer length for raw milk – my guess is 2-6 months but I tend to use anything I’ve frozen if it still smells good once thawed. 🙂

  8. I’ve been in a raw milk co-op for about 5 years. I have some nagging questions about cream. I always skim off the cream and I used to always make butter. However, I found the butter would have an off taste after just a day or 2, or if I didn’t make it immediately after skimming the cream. I have need up freezing it and using it for cooking but the family wasn’t crazy about eating it on their toast, etc. I also like to keep cream in the fridge for coffee or to make fresh whipped cream, but I’ve also found the cream will be off tasting after only 2-3 days, while the milk will still be good. I buy 2-3 gallons every week, and skim the cream when I open a new jar of milk. Any suggestions for me?

    1. Hi Debbie. I’ve heard before that skimmed raw milk will taste fresh longer than unskimmed raw milk, and combined with your experience it makes me think that maybe the cream is more quick to sour than the rest of the milk. I’m not sure if there’s anything you can do about that, but I wonder if it would suit your needs to freeze it in small portions (like ice cube trays) so you could have fresh tasting cream on demand.

      -Laura @ Kitchen Stewardship

  9. I bought a half gallon of raw milk, put it in a cooler with ice packs, brought it home, and forgot it was in my car. It was there about 6 hours, so when I remembered it, the glass was not freezing cold, but I’m sure the milk got above the recommended temperature.

    Should I just throw it away?

    Am I okay to cook with it (pancakes…)

    Thanks!

  10. Hi, I have a question. We are considering a herdshare program. They deliver to a drop off point every two weeks. They say…
    “At each delivery, you will receive 2 weeks worth of milk: one jug that is no more than 7 days old and a second that was just bottled in the last 48 hours. You’ll drink the older jug first and save the fresh jug for the following week. In general, raw milk will keep in a refrigerator for at least 2 weeks, sometimes as long as 5 weeks, before souring.”
    Is this good enough to participate? I have doubts.
    Thanks!

    1. Wow, Cheryl, I’ve never heard of anyone delivering 7-day-old milk! I have never had milk last 5 weeks, no way. Typically after 10 days I start getting nervous that it’s going to turn, and definitely by 2 weeks it’s sour, for sure. I’d ask if you could have fresh milk, never 7 days old already. I have doubts for you too!! 🙂 Katie

  11. Great tips. The milk we purchase is quick-cooled. But I drive the 30 minutes from the farm to my house with it in a styrofoam cooler. I have even had to stop to feed my kids and left it in that cooler for 2 hours. It didn’t affect the shelf-life at all. Being quick-cooled, the farm tells me it’s good for 3 weeks. But I’ve used it up to 4 weeks after milking.

    How do you know when it goes bad? Milk stored for 6 months to use as fertilizer still has no sour smell.

    1. Hi Michelle,
      It almost sounds like your milk is high -temp pasteurized. Something is definitely fishy, because I’m not sure that raw milk can last 4 weeks, and definitely not 6 months! It does start to smell sour and “off” when it’s going bad and once it is too old. You can’t miss it 🙂 Katie

      1. I use to get raw milk from a small family dairy and it would consistently last 3+ weeks.
        I am now getting it from a different small dairy and my current jug is almost 2 weeks old and still taste as fresh as the day I brought it home. The current farm has a rapid cooling system like larger dairies.
        I pay $13.40 a gallon in Oregon.

  12. Hi! We just bought our first raw milk from 14 carrot whole food grocery in South carolina. It has a peculiar smell not the smell of going bad milk but i think its of the animal, its udder i don’t know . So if i boil it and then store will the smell go. I googled some said its safe to drink raw milk directly while some say its better to boil and store.We bought it on 21st and the expiry is of 26th but they had it on sale all the gallons for 5.99 instead of 8.99. So we bought two of them.

    1. Devi,
      Sometimes raw m ilk has a smell which comes from what the animals have eaten (not the udders, I hope, eww). It can smell a little grassy. If you boil it, it’s not raw anymore, so your decision depends on why you bought it and spent the extra $ and how nervous you feel. Boiling would be safe to drink for sure – if it was being sold, I’m hopeful that it’s safe anyway! Hope you enjoy your first raw milk experience in the long run! 🙂 Katie

  13. I was wondering is there a reason you can’t hand dry the glass jars with a paper towel? Thank you for all your helpful tips!

  14. Hello,

    I would like to drink warm raw milk instead of cold raw milk from the fridge. However, I do not want to destroy the heat-sensitive nutrients of raw milk by heating.

    Do you know what is the highest advisable temperature to heat raw milk without destroying its nutrients?

    1. Maria,
      pardon my delay – your comment got a bit lost in the holiday festivities. 🙂

      I do know your answer! Enzymes are killed at 116F wet heat (heating on the stove). Some say “truly raw” is under 90F, so to be perfectly safe, don’t go over 90, which would be pleasantly warm I would hope. Over 116 would burn your tongue anyway. 🙂 Katie

  15. Richard Barrett

    Great info! For all of you producers please take a serious look at www.rawmilkinstitute.org . The government officials are impressed with the results.
    Also, for more info for your friends to browse, www.rawmilkconsumer.ca

  16. Thank you very much for this article about how to insure raw milk stays fresh for 7-10 days. We are in the process of figuring out why our milk from the raw milk dairy is unreliable. One time it was good and lasted til the gallon was finished, but most times it sours quickly, and worse, the last time we picked it up, it already tasted “off” (the first signs of souring) when we opened it! Our dairy bottles in plastic jugs, but we now have jars ready and waiting here at the house for rebottling. When we pick up the milk it always goes straight into the cooler packed with ice in the back of the car. Our fridge seems sufficiently cold in one area so we keep the milk there. However, this all doesn’t explain why the milk was already going sour before we even opened it up this last time around. So, we have to assume something is wrong at the dairy.
    My hope is you can provide some help as to how we can troubleshoot with our farmer. What is the best way to go about asking (pleading!) they change something in how they keep the milk, because it clearly looks like there’s a problem there. Also, could you please give more information as to how hard water can impact milk? How does hard water effect the storage of milk?
    Thank you so much! I appreciate your help.

    1. Hi Erin,
      On the hard water, I don’t know, but if it were me, I’d ask the farmer: “What are the temps the milk is stored at along the way to bottling? How quickly is it cooled?” You could tell them about your varied experiences with length of time, then assure them you’re doing your best to keep the cold chain going and that you really want to continue raw milk and make sure it’s viable for your family. Hope that helps! (And you can still totally cook and bake with soured milk – make a huge batch of pancakes, oatmeal, or something so you don’t have to throw it out….) 🙂 Katie

      1. I know you are more than likely not dealing with this issue anymore but just thought I would comment in case some else is having the same issues. It could be the cold chain on your famers part but there many other facts as to why your milk doesn’t have a good shelf life. Fyi, My husband and I are run a raw milk dairy. It could be the cows have a high cell count(and/or mastitis), or the cows aren’t getting clean enough before milking and a lot of crud is getting into the milk(even if they are filtering it out right away). Or the milk equipment is not clean enough after every milking and/or they aren’t doing a soak and a deep cleaning about every week to get rid of any milk stone(hardened milk proteins). There is a also a cold loving bacteria in milk, so even if milk is staying cold enough it’s still going to sour faster because the bacteria loves cold. Normally that is caused by not clean enough milk equipment or milk stone.

    1. Nancy,
      It’s the difference between good bugs and bad bugs (bacteria). When there are proper good bacteria (probiotics) living in something, they kick out the bad bacteria, the stuff that would make us sick. It’s why cabbage, properly prepared as sauerkraut, can sit on the counter for 7 weeks and then in the fridge for months without any problem. 🙂 Katie

    1. Liz,
      Yikes, your comment got totally misplaced, sorry about that! My old milk run was that long, and we just used plenty of ice packs and good, thick coolers. It can be done without too much rigamarole. Just do your best to keep it cold! 🙂 Katie

  17. Hi, I live in a tropical country that doesn’t “do” raw milk, and the very-local farmer I buy my milk from thinks it is insane to drink it raw. I just bought 4 liters of raw milk from him, and he says sometimes the milk stays out of the fridge for up to 5 hours after milking. I probably can convince him to refrigerate faster in the future, but I really don’t want to cook this batch of milk, so please tell me, can I at least make raw yogurt with this? Thanks!

    1. Michelle,
      I imagine I’m wayyyyy too late catching up on comments to help you on this batch (sorry!) but if the milk is fresh from the cow, I’m almost positive you’re golden. Problems come if it’s been cooled, then warmed again, then cooled. Since your farmer isn’t set up for raw milk, do make sure he’s getting some testing for the safety of his milk (100% grassfed?). You don’t want to risk your health on milk from unhealthy animals….

      Katie

      1. Adriane Lippian

        I have a question about the cooled, warmed cooled cycle. I’ve been trying to milk more often so I’m also trying to improve the process. In doing so I’ve found some problems. Usually, I milk, strain, pasteurize, pour into a jug and into ice bath immediately. But for me to milk before work sometimes I can only milk, strain, refrigerate. I get home later pour strained cold milk into qt jars (I just bought them, sanitized then used) tightened lids then pasteurized and rapid cooled. The next day the jars when opened smelled like eggs but the milk itself once I let jar sit open did not. I’m thinking it was the pasteurization in closed jars with condesation inside that allowed the odor to arise but I’m not sure. I’ve never had jars with lids to use before, just stuck some aluminum foil on them tight in the fridge or in my oj/milk jug. What are the thoughts on why it smells when I open it? I’ve never had it smell before

  18. Sarah, I had the same chuckle – I pay $12/gallon (plus $2.50 deposit on each half-gallon bottle), but it’s not a cowshare, it’s from a 40-head farm upstate that supplies stores in just about the entire state – granted, NH is not very big, but still! Thankfully, raw milk is legal here (although the health dept. makes it *abundantly* clear that they strongly disapprove, and so they make it a bit of a PITB for dairy farmers) but it sure is expensive – $12/gal is the going rate for cow squeezin’s whether it’s from a store or straight from the farm. Goat milk is usually cheaper – I know of one itty-bitty farm where they sell raw goat milk for $5/gallon, BYOB – bummer I don’t like goat milk! LOL

    Thank you for this post, Katie, this was really helpful. I live alone and can’t often use up a half-gallon before it gets funky (and while I know there are a zillion things to do with souring milk, and I do them, it still annoys me), and none of the local dairies do quarts, so I’ve been getting a little bit longer shelf life by “decanting” the half-gallon into smaller bottles. Since I don’t have a really big pot, or anywhere to put a big pot, boiling bottles like for canning was a real pain, and I can taste bleach even if the jar was well-rinsed, I was about to buy a sanitizer product from the homebrew supply store!

    To folks in general – I get hydrogen peroxide in 32-oz bottles from the drugstore for under a dollar, although once in a blue moon it’ll go on sale for 2/$1 (when I buy a case!), and at the dollar store. I use it instead of chlorine bleach, when white vinegar isn’t appropriate. Ironically, the lowest price I’ve seen for gallon jugs of hydrogen peroxide is $6!

  19. Pingback: Plastic and Raw Milk? Never! | grassfood.

  20. My question is regarding the two conflicting pieces of information from your blogpost that I will cut-n-paste below. They are about the oven method of sanitization. One says 150 degrees the other says 220 degrees. Can you help clarify?

    “Place drained jars in a warm but turned-off oven (after baking something would work, just make sure the temp is not over 150 degrees F). Obviously don’t include the plastic lids.

    Preheat oven to 220 degrees F. Place washed, rinsed and well-drained containers in the oven for 20 minutes. Turn off oven. Allow containers to cool in a closed oven for ease of handling, to avoid a sudden change of temperature (which could cause cracking) and also to reduce air contamination until you are ready to cap the containers

    1. Natalie,
      So sorry it took me 2 weeks to get back to you on this – we moved and I’ve been offline a lot. I can’t imagine what I meant with the 150F comment. ??? I wrote this post so long ago…I wonder if it’s supposed to be 250 or 350, or say “not UNDER 150?” Anyway. Go with the 220 version since that at least makes sense! Sorry ’bout that! 🙂 Katie

      1. Thank you 🙂
        I went ahead and did it in the oven after having just baked something @ 350

        I’m sure it worked without me having to overthink it ! Thanks for responding Have some good holidays!

          1. Victor, I was concerned to read that you use PVC bags. While they might be pathogen free, PVC products can leach lead and phthalates into the food and then be ingested. There is a lot of information online if you want to learn more.

      2. You said, if your going to travel with it, freeze it first. Thaw slowly! How do you suggest to thaw it slowly? I have a gallon that got shoved way in the back of the refrigerator & it froze. Last time this happened I just let it thaw in the refrigerator but, it took a week! What are your suggestions?

  21. I’m apart of a milk share, but it’s where you have to milk it yourself. It’s been a lot of fun and I’ve been learning a lot along the way. I really appreciate the information you provided. There were quite a few tid-bits I didn’t know. Thanks!

    1. Ashley,
      Wow, milk the cow yourself! I can’t imagine…I don’t think I’d have time for that! Kind of cool, though… 😉 Kaatie

  22. Therese Marheine

    I bought a milk cow and we’ve been milking her for 8 days now. So far, so good. I take extra special care when it comes to milking. Not insane, but realistic. She’s outside a lot now so her udder is mostly clean,. still before I milk her I take warm water and a wash rag and give her a good scrub, but gentle. Then I squirt the first 4-5 squirts of milk on the ground before I put any in the bucket. She stands nice and most times there’s nothing in the milk bucket except for milk when I take it into the house. After milking I rinse her off again and then into the house pronto. I pour the milk through a filter disc into another container and then into the freezer for an hour to get it cooled down fast! Just an hour though. Sometimes I stir it mid way. Then I take it from the freezer and put it into the glass jars or other containers I have from friends and into the frig pronto. Everything seems great so far. I made butter this morning and soon will be making cottage cheese ! A website that has been really helpful for me is:

    http://www.backwoodshome.com/articles2/lewis99.html

    and

    http://www.patricelewis.com/

    good luck everyone!!

    1. Therese,
      Wow, a milk cow! I can’t even imagine. Sounds like you’re doing a great job. I know our farm does put a “sanitizing solution” on each teat before milking, but I don’t know exactly what it is. (Maybe bleach based, but I can’t control everything!)

      So awesome to make your own dairy products like that! Are you doing mozzarella cheese, too?
      🙂 Katie

      1. Therese Marheine

        Yes! I’m making mozzarella, cottage cheese, feta and simple hard cheeses. Time consuming but sooo good!! Most times I don’t have enough cream to make butter, but that is really good too!

  23. I’ve read one looses a days freshness for every hour the milk is out of the fridge.
    Thanks for this detailed post.
    One can buy food grade Hydrogen Peroxide. One brand is called Oxy-Tech by Eagle Enterprise. It’s a 35% solution, I have a 16 fl oz bottle. To reduce to 3% mix 11 oz. distilled water with 1 oz of Oxy-Tech. It needs to be kept in fridge after opening & it a hazard if it touches skin at that 35% neat solution so would have to keep it well clear of kids & handle carefully.

  24. Maureen Jeanson

    Our milk is in glass jars and I chose that farm specifically for that reason! Thanks for this post!

  25. Our raw milk comes in the plastic gallon jugs like you see at the store (with the plastic ring seal as well). The only difference is there is no label, or sometimes that “Not for Human Consumption; For Pet Use Only” sticker. The farm it comes from sells some of their milk to Organic Valley.

    I’ve thought about tranferring it to glass jars, but never got around to it. Our milk stays fresh for about 8-10 days though, so I assume it’s ok.

    Great post and tips for handling raw milk!

    1. Great consumer info.We are farmers hoping to get a milk cow soon with a few friends doing shares.
      Can you point me to a good source for farmers on how to keep our milk fresh and healthy from the cow to the ‘fridge’?

      1. Shari,
        I bet there are resources out there, but as a non-farmer, I’m not sure where to start. I wonder if our milk farm could give you a link to something. You can find them on my local resources page under “What to Buy” in the top menu bar. Email should be on their website. Awesome that you’re getting a cow!!!
        🙂 Katie

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