I’m still sad every single time I see a child wearing a mask.
My kids are wearing masks daily for school in person, but this is not the way we were created to be.
I tell my kids often:
This is temporary.
It will end.
We’re only doing this for a little while to respect others.
I don’t want masking to be normalized.
I don’t want people to get used to it, to be boiled like a frog by those in power who miiiiiiight just be trying to figure out exactly how much control they can have over a people.
To them, I say: Not. This. Much.
Even though it’s probably terrible for my stress levels, I have to keep my guard up and refuse to get used to seeing people with their faces covered.
And I’ll keep saying it for everyone to hear:
This is temporary.
If it starts feeling not-so-temporary, put your guard back up.
Something is amiss.
I’ve written for five posts now about masks, and I’ve struck a balance that many on social media weren’t happy about. It seems that masks must either be good or evil, polarized.
(That’s a sign of a problem, of course.)
I know masks are dangerous for our kids, but I’m still going to help busy, exhausted, confused mamas and papas out there mitigate the risks.
We’ve discussed how kids should handle and put on their masks when they’re required.
We’ve talked about the importance of mask breaks, and where to put that thing when you get to take it off.
Becca took a turn and shared how important it is to consider the environment when choosing a mask, and how that even typically also saves your budget.
Then I shared some laundry hacks to make sure these things are clean when they go over our precious children’s mouths and noses.
And I dipped my toe into the controversial realm with the last post, discussing some of the risks of wearing a mask that you CAN mitigate, partially or completely, with the right instruction.
Today I’m putting both feet into the deep end.
It’s time to cover the true dangers of wearing something over your face for hours at a time, particularly without training.
Other than taking your mask off, these are not risks you can reduce or eliminate.
Do I sound biased?
This isn’t a media source written by a trained journalist. I’m going to do my best to share, in a balanced way, the research I’ve done that lights my fire and makes me continue to say:
This is temporary.
It will end.
This is not good for humans.
Folks can throw studies at one another in this politically charged debacle all day long, but the truth is this:
We are all part of the first society-wide experiment in obstructing free-breathing in over 100 years.
We don’t yet know what we don’t know.
But I firmly believe we need to at least understand potential risks so we can make informed decisions.
My goal in this post is to give you an overview of the dangers of masks, both short and long-term, in brief bits, and then share a plethora of resources if you’d like to learn more.
Summary: Major Dangers of Masks
Although you can take some steps to mitigate certain mask dangers, like poor posture, dehydration, mouth breathing, and cavities, and controlling your breathing to reduce anxiety, you can’t change the fact that there’s something on your face.
Here’s MY list of both research-backed, expert-shared, and anecdotal mask dangers:
- Migraines, nausea, fatigue, fainting/passing out, heart attacks (all caused by decreased oxygen levels)
- Greater risk of serious (or mild) fungal and bacterial infections (caused by recycled air carrying bacteria, moist environment on your face)
- Long-term: Inhaling toxic fibers & carcinogenic compounds in surgical masks may cause chronic and fatal disease
- Mental health: stress caused by hidden faces and more
- Skin breakouts
- Sore throat, congestion
- Dry eye/eye infections
My 94-year-old grandmother is in assisted living, and when we visited — outside, with masks — I couldn’t help but notice that the nurse who helped her get around reminded her and other residents to pull their masks up over their noses.
I know the elderly are at great risk with this virus (and any flu season, really), and we lost my grandfather to pneumonia just a few years ago.
It’s no surprise that the staff worries.
But many of them also have COPD and other risk factors that would likely exempt them from wearing masks if they were to take a workplace fit test, for example.
And I cringed over and over when my grandma would grab her mask by the middle to put it on or when a nurse would hand a mask to her…not always using “ear loops only” as I teach my kids.
I asked my grandma if the nurses ever trained residents in how to wear a mask safely, like what part to touch and where to hang them after taking them off.
How to Wear a Face Mask Correctly with Mask C.O.D.E.
Use this memory tool to teach kids (and adults!) how to wear a mask safely and correctly.
Would you like a printable version of the Mask C.O.D.E. to post as a reminder in your home, business, classroom or church along with hacks to keep the masks clean and more?
Read all the safe mask wearing posts:
Now, we’re trusting a 94-year-old’s memory here, and she’ll be the first to grin and tell you she had a great breakfast, but don’t ask her what it was.
But it won’t be the first place in our state to mandate masks, remind people to put them over their noses, but give zero other training beyond checking that particular box.
It’s like handing the car keys to a 14-year-old without a license at worst and giving a person vehicle ownership without a manual at best.
That person will drive a car into the ground without maintenance and cause costly repairs.
I firmly believe that this is what we’re doing, wearing masks without proper education.
Risk: Face Masks Decrease Oxygen Levels
There’s been plenty of discussion in 2020 about whether masks actually cause a re-breathing of carbon dioxide and a decrease in blood oxygen levels.
I’ve heard arguments among medical doctors who are actually taking their own oxygen levels and those of patients with and without masks.
Some say no change.
Some say a marked decrease within 4 minutes.
Some claim to see a decrease after a half-hour walk, to which the others say, “You’re not supposed to exercise with a mask on.”
(Ahem, tell that to the powers-that-be in Michigan, because they’re definitely mandating masks for athletes.)
Research studies DO tell us that N95 masks, the kind that protects the wearer and isn’t allowed in airports in some places, definitely reduce oxygen intake.1
In fact, a study on pregnant healthcare workers concluded that because pregnancy already brings with it a 50% increase in blood volume and a corresponding need for additional oxygen, pregnant women in particular absolutely should not be wearing masks.2
A 2008 study on surgical masks found a decrease in oxygen saturation in surgeons, but the conclusion admits that the surgeon’s stress at the beginning of a procedure could be a confounding factor.3
The American Lung Association says “absolutely not” to the question of whether masks lower oxygen intake.4
Who to believe?
I took the time to listen to an hour-long interview with two former OSHA employees who have spent decades fitting and testing masks in the workplace, keeping people safe.
In this now-censored video (you can still see it here in its entirety), Tammy Clark and Kristen Meghan shared some tidbits such as:
- Surgical rooms have extra oxygen pumped in during long procedures to keep the healthcare staff’s oxygen at safe levels.
- “No average citizen is being trained on how to wear a mask!”
- Some physicians are making YouTube trainings on “how” to wear a mask, but that’s not actually their expertise. It’s hers. She thinks folks should stay in their lane – mask experts teaching safe mask use, doctors diagnosing and healing patients.
- Both think that as people are driving wearing masks, we’re going to see more accidents because they’re getting light-headed. I’ve been curiously surprised to have not heard about this problem in the media…yet…but then again…the media?
Here’s the bottom line: IF you believe the experts and the research that masks decrease oxygen, here’s what might happen because of that:
- Fainting/passing out
- Heart attacks (particularly in those who are already susceptible, such as people with COPD)
I asked among my personal Facebook friends if anyone wanted to share anecdotal stories of problems masks have caused them, and multiple mentioned headaches and migraines, including someone who knows multiple kids getting headaches every day they’re in school.
Rachel M. shared that she feels dizzy, nauseated, and has severe TMJ pain and migraines that will last for days after wearing a mask. Her son had an injury last summer which resulted in a brain injury. She pursued a medical exemption so he did not regress in any progress they have been making with therapies and treatment. Masking him would inhibit full oxygen required for his healing brain and result in decreased learning, decreased focus, and an increase in behavior issues.
Luckily, he has not received any negative treatment from students or staff.
One colleague had to pick up her daughter from school with a stomachache complaint, and within 20 minutes without the mask on, she felt fine again.
She’s also a substitute teacher and has “seen masks as hair ties, masks as blindfolds, masks being tugged in and touched constantly, masks that are dripping wet after PE from sweat/drool… who knows what… then they touch that germ infestation and touch everything. I had more kids ask for a mask break in PE because their throat hurt…”
On the other hand, a teacher friend has no problem with mask-wearing at all, even though he has had asthma all his life.
A few moms shared that their kids are having no problems or complaints at all. I tend to hear that the younger kids seem to be less bothered by the masks.
I know that’s true with our own family — 6-year-old Gabe doesn’t mind his mask at all. Mommy has some concerns about long-term effects and is watching closely, though!
One related fact from the 1919 flu pandemic has to do with heart disease — an increased prevalence in infants born in 1919!!5
Can this risk be mitigated?
I wish I knew.
It’s definitely worth paying attention to your breathing and focusing on the exhale, as we discussed in the previous post, to maximize the oxygen you do have access to.
If proper breathing through the nose, with proper pacing, can mitigate the anxiety symptoms, perhaps headaches can be partially avoided too.
I’m still going to worry every time I see a bus full of children rolling by with the driver fully masked, however!
Masks Create a Warm, Moist Environment That’s Great for Fungi and Bacteria to Thrive
Dr. Fauci himself co-authored a paper that found that a majority of the deaths from the Spanish flu pandemic were actually from bacterial pneumonia — the last time people used masks on a widespread basis.5
Correlation? Causation? Coincidence?
Who knows, but in my own state of Michigan, strep throat hit one school hard “despite COVID-19 protocols” including masking.6
Strep is a bacterial infection, and bacteria thrive in warm, moist environments, such as the inside of a mask.7
I really appreciated Dr. Jim Meehan sharing during a press conference: “We have not done a fair risk analysis for the general population.”
He is seeing facial rashes, fungal, and bacterial infections increasing. All over the world, bacterial pneumonia may be anecdotally on the rise; he thinks it’s because of people re-wearing masks.8
Many experts also mention that recycling one’s own air is generally something we try to avoid and may be a causal factor in these issues.
Skin infections from lack of circulation and re-infecting oneself are also a big risk, as we learned this summer when one of my kids had impetigo that went crazy on his face after extended mask-wearing. Fungal infections carry an increased risk as well.
Surely this won’t happen to everyone. My friend Wendy shared: “My friends from Asia grew up wearing them whenever they felt sick as a courtesy to others and think it’s weird that we make such a big deal about having to wear them to get through the pandemic.”
Is wearing a mask while sick different than wearing one every single day for months (or even years, God forbid)?
A 2018 study showed increased bacterial contamination on the outside of surgical masks in the operating room.9 Interestingly, the source of the bacteria was the surgeon’s own body, even though they’re fully covered in PPE.
Researchers strongly recommend new masks after two hours because of this — and we’re sending our kids to school in the same mask all day and no other PPE?
A 2015 study was the only randomized controlled trial of cloth masks before the 2020 pandemic, and the authors cautioned against healthcare workers relying on cloth masks since the study found that cloth mask wearers had a higher rate of infection than the control group.10
Ultimately, more research is needed, and not with hamsters.11
Time will tell, and the numbers will become available eventually…especially since real-life trials seem to be taking place in schools across the US.
Mask Mouth and Mascne are Real Issues
We talked last time about “mask mouth,” the phenomenon many dentists are reporting with an increase in cavities.
It’s thought that this is caused by mouth breathing, although it’s possible that the recycled air and altered oral microbiome simply from the warm, moist mask environment could be a contributor.12
Many friends shared that they’re getting skin rashes or actual acne on their faces as a reaction to the masks.
One mom said she noticed increased acne on her teen and many of her friends who never had issues with it previously, and it’s basically a mask line with clear skin around it.
I refuse to use surgical masks on my family for this reason (and the next issue), and we opt for cloth and organic when possible. We haven’t seen acne issues.
These child-sized organic masks from Etsy are what we bought for some of the kids, and Gabe loves the fit.
What are we Inhaling From Those Masks?
Remember that Duke study on gaiters that made viral headlines in August 2020?
The media grabbed a few lines from the study and started saying that neck gaiters were possibly worse protection from coronaviruses than not wearing any face covering at all.
“Gaitergate” headlines about two weeks later pulled back on that, saying the study wasn’t intended to show mask efficacy without question.
Some researchers even theorized that the higher number of particles seen through the gaiter may have been because of “fibers shedding from the fabric.”13
Most gaiters are made of polyester, i.e. PLASTIC, which is never intended to go into the lungs. If particle fibers were shed in an outward direction, of course, they’re going somewhere on the inhale as well.
I’m grateful that the polyester fabric gaiters my elementary kids were given by their school are counted as their least favorite, least comfortable masks.
We choose cotton and cross our fingers. It’s all one big experiment with our lungs, folks.
And how about surgical masks?
The Internet will tell you they’re made with PTFE, i.e. Teflon. However, surgical masks are typically made with non-woven polypropylene.14
Polypropylene is made from hydrocarbon (non-renewable) fuels and is completely non-absorbent. Liquid goes right through.
It’s also susceptible to UV damage, a fact that will come to mind every time I see a surgical mask hanging on a rearview mirror in someone’s car.
Polypropylene takes a long time to break down and creates a significant amount of toxic waste in its production, making it a significant environmental hazard (as Becca already discussed).15
I wasn’t able to find information about whether fibers or particles from surgical masks could be inhaled and what the health risks of those would be, but my common sense tells me I don’t want plastic in my lungs.
We stopped using plastic straws to save the turtles, and now we’re putting the same material on our faces every day (and disposing of those masks).
They just have to go!
Know Anyone with a Chronic Sore Throat or New Congestion?
Sore throat and congestion are definitely the most commonly mentioned mask side effects.
Even at the doctor’s office in early June, a practitioner there told me that they were seeing quite a number of patients coming in with new congestion. When questioned, many of them realized that the congestion went away on the weekends, when they weren’t wearing masks in the workplace.
Here are just a few of the anecdotes I collected:
- Sunshine D. said: “I wear one at work 10-12 hours a day. I’ve had a sore throat now for about 5 months. Headaches quite often as well. My boys have acne which they’ve never had before. [The sore throat is] almost non-existent on my days off and goes right back to sore…I’ve been tested and [doctors can’t find anything.]”
- Lynn I. has noticed sore throats and postnasal drip, and another mom preferred to remain anonymous but also sees headaches, sore throat, an increase in allergy symptoms, and panic attacks.
- Sona Lesmeister, Stress Coach Sona, shared that her son gets a sore throat from wearing it in school on a daily basis.
- Crystal Cummings shared that she’s quite claustrophobic, “so after about 20 min I definitely have a spike in anxiety.” She also noticed a sore throat and a runny nose.
On the other hand, not everyone is noticing this:
- One retiree who used to work in a hospital said it’s never been a problem for her to wear a mask, and she actually thinks it may filter the pollen a bit because her allergies seem less severe this year.
- Mandi E. shared this: “My sister is a hairdresser and has some bronchial issues. She told me that for the first hour or so of the day she’s really uncomfortable wearing her mask—it feels like it’s hard to breathe and she really dislikes it. But interestingly, by the time her second or third client comes in, she starts to feel better and by the end of the day, she doesn’t notice it. She hasn’t had any adverse health effects from wearing it.”
In our family, our littlest did get congested right away after wearing masks regularly.
Can this one be mitigated?
There are probably numerous causes for both symptoms, but I do have a few ideas.
First, especially if you have dust allergies, be sure to shake out a clean mask if it’s been hanging to dry. If you ever dust black furniture and look at it in dismay 6 hours later, you know how quickly dust can collect!
Your Mask Can Infect Your Eyes
And finally, because masks send an unnatural flow of air upward at your eyes, people are experiencing “mask-associated dry eye,” an irritating condition.
This exacerbates the risk that you’ll get a viral or bacterial infection because of your mask since people tend to rub their eyes more when they’re dry.16
(Wash those hands, folks!)
One of my personal contacts shared an anecdote with much frustration that parallels this risk:
A teacher who preferred to remain anonymous shared that she’s experienced “headache, dry throat, dry lips, dry eyes, and excessive burping, plus heart palpitations when trying to sing with a mask on in church.”
She’s bothered by the fact that even outside on recess, very young children aren’t allowed mask breaks. She circled back a few days after I asked the initial question to share: “Add an eye infection/irritation to the unfortunate side effects of mask wearing. My eye was entirely bloodshot and irritated this week. Also, my lips have never been as sore as they are now. They are dry and feel like they are on fire from the mask.”
Dangers of Masks Increase While Exercising
I’m guessing you’ve felt this personally while climbing stairs with a mask on, even if you haven’t truly exercised with one.
It really impacts how well you can breathe!
I really appreciate the wisdom of mask experts and former OSHA employees Tammy Clark and Kristen Meghan, and you can see more about the reasons behind this risk here:
- WOOD Radio interview with PPE expert Kristen Meghan: “Is it Safe for Kids to Wear Masks While Playing Sports?”
- Kristen on masks in sports
Although he wasn’t even exercising, just trying to heal from a Crohn’s Disease flare, Joel Sprechman, founder of One Great Gut: Thriving with IBD Crohn’s Colitis talked about expending extra energy.
“With a mask on not only do I feel my stress and anxiety levels raise, but also feel my heart beat faster causing me to have to be even more mindful of my nervous system. It causes me to unnecessarily expend extra energy when I need to speak to others so I speak loud and clearly enough so they hear me.”
There’s So, So Much to Say About Masks…
I set out to quickly lay out some general risks of universal masking, and here we are over 5,000 words.
Even so, I wasn’t able to create the most comprehensive source about mask risks out there.
Luckily, my colleague Shawn Stevenson has already done that:
Please visit his resources at The Model Health Show: Mask Facts, and for my visual/auditory learners out there, his video is incredible.
2 Questions That Matter About Universal Masking for COVID-19
It’s clear to me that there ARE risks to face masks, perhaps significant (and we don’t even understand the potential long-term risks) to wearing masks on a daily basis without training or safety testing.
Do the risks outweigh the benefits?
I have two massive questions about that: Efficacy vs. Danger of this virus?
1. Are Masks Effective to Reduce the Spread of a Virus?
Research is all over on this one.
A colleague sent me a study over “proving” that masks work.17
However, this study had a very small number of coronavirus participants, so it does need to be taken with a grain of salt. All participants tested positive for a virus (coronavirus, rhinovirus, OR influenza).
Researchers tested the number of viral particles in respiratory droplets and aerosols (i.e. the air) for 30 minutes. Half wore masks and half did not.
The surgical mask did reduce viral particles in both droplets and aerosols for coronavirus. However, I also notice the following:
- Of coronavirus participants who did not cough during the 30-minute time period, the virus was not detected at all, either in droplets or the air.
- Looking at figure 1, the aerosolized particles from a coronavirus are almost undetectable, farrrrr less than the other two viruses.
- The researchers stated: “We also demonstrated the efficacy of surgical masks to reduce coronavirus detection and viral copies in large respiratory droplets and in aerosols. This has important implications for control of COVID-19, suggesting that surgical face masks could be used by ill people to reduce onward transmission.” And: “Among the samples collected without a face mask, we found that the majority of participants with coronavirus infection did not shed detectable virus in respiratory droplets or aerosols…For those who did shed virus in respiratory droplets and aerosols, viral load in both tended to be low.”
A 2009 study also suggests that face masks may be helpful, but again, the same size is dreadfully small.18
Two takeaways for me:
- If coronaviruses aren’t evident without coughing, would an asymptomatic (i.e. not coughing) person transmit this disease?
- These researchers recommend masks for ill people, not healthy, and point out that many with coronavirus didn’t even shed the virus without a mask. Perhaps the risks are lower than we think!
A WHO-funded systematic review of available research in June 2020 suggested that 6-foot distancing and masks may help reduce transmission, with low certainty on the face mask recommendation.19
Most of the mask studies were on mask use in households with already confirmed viral cases.
The scientists conclude that the optimum role of masks needs risk assessment and contextual considerations.
More research shows that it’s possible that masking to reduce the amount of virus we’re exposed to could actually help herd immunity and decrease deaths.20
That article ends by saying that further studies are needed “comparing the rate of asymptomatic infection in areas with and areas without universal masking.”
Here’s some data to consider on that question:
The figure about halfway down this article at the Council on Foreign Relations shows no correlation between higher mask use in countries and lower infection rates.
If masks really worked, we’d expect to see all the red dots (where masks are required) to be well below the halfway mark on the vertical axis (low cases per million people). Yet 4 red dots float well above the 5,000 case level.
Blue dots, for countries where masks aren’t required, would be more likely to be higher on the vertical axis, and yet Norway and one other have very low mask use and very low case numbers. There simply is no pattern.
A couple of studies suggest that COVID-19 likely is not transmitted via airborne aerosols,21, 22 or on the other hand, other studies show it might be.23
If airborne aerosols are carriers, masks won’t really help because the air we breathe simply goes around the mask. Masks are only supposed to be effective for droplet transmission.
An article in the New England Journal of Medicine says, “Universal masking alone is not a panacea…Focusing on universal masking alone may, paradoxically, lead to more transmission of Covid-19 if it diverts attention from implementing more fundamental infection-control measures.”24
The authors also point out that mask wearers are more likely to touch their faces in reality, potentially bringing more problems upon themselves, especially if they’re not vigilant about handwashing.
If you watch the video(s) from the lovely Irish researcher in my other resources below, you’ll learn about Gumpert’s curve. No matter what countries have or haven’t done to protect their citizens from COVID-19, each countries cases form a Gumpert’s curve, the natural flow of a virus.
They all get lower, no matter what.
It’s even possible that the virus is becoming less vicious and could die out.25
We know that viruses mutate extremely quickly and we already have at least two strains of COVID-19, one more severe than the other.26
Which brings us to the next question that matters in all this:
2. Is this particular virus dangerous enough to change our entire society?
In early October, three epidemiologists from Harvard, Oxford, and Stanford came together to release the Great Barrington Declaration.
It states in part:
“As infectious disease epidemiologists and public health scientists we have grave concerns about the damaging physical and mental health impacts of the prevailing COVID-19 policies, and recommend an approach we call Focused Protection.
Coming from both the left and right, and around the world, we have devoted our careers to protecting people. Current lockdown policies are producing devastating effects on short and long-term public health. The results (to name a few) include lower childhood vaccination rates, worsening cardiovascular disease outcomes, fewer cancer screenings and deteriorating mental health – leading to greater excess mortality in years to come, with the working class and younger members of society carrying the heaviest burden. Keeping students out of school is a grave injustice.
Keeping these measures in place until a vaccine is available will cause irreparable damage, with the underprivileged disproportionately harmed.
Fortunately, our understanding of the virus is growing. We know that vulnerability to death from COVID-19 is more than a thousand-fold higher in the old and infirm than the young. Indeed, for children, COVID-19 is less dangerous than many other harms, including influenza.
As immunity builds in the population, the risk of infection to all – including the vulnerable – falls. We know that all populations will eventually reach herd immunity – i.e. the point at which the rate of new infections is stable – and that this can be assisted by (but is not dependent upon) a vaccine. Our goal should therefore be to minimize mortality and social harm until we reach herd immunity.
The most compassionate approach that balances the risks and benefits of reaching herd immunity, is to allow those who are at minimal risk of death to live their lives normally to build up immunity to the virus through natural infection, while better protecting those who are at highest risk. We call this Focused Protection.”
Since then nearly 12,000 verified medical and public health scientists and over 33,000 medical practitioners have signed the declaration.
Did you see this on the news in October?
But I’m happy to share it with you.
I’m personally in full agreement that we need to allow the least vulnerable to live normal lives, potentially get infected, and build up herd immunity.
Joseph Audie, a professor of chemistry with a PhD in biophysics and other degrees in biomedical engineering and bioengineering, says it this way:
“The absolute and relative ‘flu-like’ risk of death from a SARS-CoV-2 infection is far too low to rigorously justify governments imposing major disruptions to normal life, let alone the massive and indiscriminate ‘lockdown’ disruptions people have been forced to submit to and endure.”27
Bottom Line on the Dangers of Masks: What Choice Do YOU Want?
In the end, the bottom line isn’t even about those few questions remaining.
The bottom line isn’t just about keeping up with the research.
The real bottom line is that every day we all take educated risks.
We ride in vehicles.
We walk up and down stairs.
Most of us eat food we know isn’t good for us.
We let restaurants cook for us, in spite of the chance of food poisoning.
We send our kids to school, in spite of the fact that there are always germs flying around.
The point of an educated risk is education.
It’s my job and my passion to make sure that you know at least a little bit about what’s on both sides of this decision.
Will the research change? Absolutely.
But making our own decisions instead of letting others make them for us means that we can change our minds at any time.
I know the risks of masks.
I understand that this virus and other illnesses are also a risk.
And I make my own choices.
I don’t like it when other people make them for me.
So I continue to write. I continue to research, and I continue to share.
May we all retain the freedom to do the same.
Helpful Resources to Dig in Further
- This Irish researcher is fantastic to listen to and very clear. This is a fantastic video about the natural curve of seasonal viruses and how COVID-19 follows that exactly, regardless of what humans do to stop it. The theory that the mild flu season of 2019 actually caused COVID to be more severe because there were more elderly and compromised people who didn’t pass away during 2019 and were basically “dry tinder”, scientists call them, as Sars-CoV-2 hit in early 2020.
- Why Quarantine has us More Unhealthy Than Ever from The Model Health Show
- Why Was America Hit So Hard by COVID-19? from The Model Health Show (Hint: 125 million Americans have type II diabetes, a reversible disease…)
- D.G. Rancourt, an expert in multiple fields that apply to the pandemic, thinks all-cause mortality is actually up during the pandemic.
- Masks causing harm to healthy people
- Great Barrington Declaration (thousands of doctors and scientists say we should get back to normal living except for the elderly)
- Bharatendu, C., Ong, J., Goh, Y., Tan, B., Chan, A., Tang, J., et. al. (2020). Powered Air Purifying Respirator (PAPR) restores the N95 face mask induced cerebral hemodynamic alterations among Healthcare Workers during COVID-19 Outbreak. Journal of the neurological sciences, 417, 117078. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2020.117078
- Tong, P. S., Kale, A. S., Ng, K., Loke, A. P., Choolani, M. A., Lim, C. L., et. al. (2015). Respiratory consequences of N95-type Mask usage in pregnant healthcare workers-a controlled clinical study. Antimicrobial resistance and infection control, 4, 48. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13756-015-0086-z
- Beder, A., Büyükkoçak, U., Sabuncuoğlu, H., Keskil, Z. A., & Keskil, S. (2008). Preliminary report on surgical mask induced deoxygenation during major surgery. Neurocirugia (Asturias, Spain), 19(2), 121–126. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1130-1473(08)70235-5
- Hill, D. (2020, June 18). From the Frontlines: The Truth About Masks and COVID-19. Retrieved from https://www.lung.org/blog/covid-masks
- Borovoy, B., Huber, C. & Crisler, M. (n.d.). Masks, false safety and real dangers, Part 2:
Microbial challenges from masks. [PDF File]. Retrieved from https://pdmj.org/Mask_Risks_Part2.pdf
- Cichoracki, C (2020, October 2). Health department investigating after high number of strep throat cases reported at Shepherd schools. Retrieved from https://www.abc12.com/app/2020/10/02/health-department-investigating-after-high-number-of-strep-throat-cases-at-shepherd-schools/
- Blick. (2020, September 16). Your corona mask really is that gruesome. [article in German]. Retrieved from https://amp.blick.ch/wirtschaft/gebrauchte-exemplare-getestet-so-gruusig-ist-ihre-corona-maske-wirklichid16096358.html
- CJ Wheeler. (2020, August 20). Clay Clark gathers Tulsa Oklahoma Doctors Sue City Over Mask Mandates. [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZbmvCKcUNuA
- Zhiqing, L., Yongyun, C., Wenxiang, C., Mengning, Y., Yuanqing, M., Zhenan, Z., et. al. (2018). Surgical masks as source of bacterial contamination during operative procedures. Journal of orthopaedic translation, 14, 57–62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jot.2018.06.002
- Raina MacIntyre1, C., Seale, H., Chi Dung, T., Tran Hien, N., Thi Nga, P., Ahmad Chughtai, A. et.al. (2015). A cluster randomised trial of cloth masks compared with medical masks in healthcare workers. British Medical Journal, 5(e006577). Retrieved from https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/5/4/e006577
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