How to Make Nourishing Traditions Crispy Nuts to Reduce Phytic Acid

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Although I’ve been researching soaking grains (catch up on the posts here) like mad, I haven’t come across any particular research on phytic acid in nuts. If I defer to the phytic acid expert, Amanda Rose, she also claims there is not much food science on nuts, perhaps because grains are a bigger concern because they are a larger part of many people’s diets.

How to Make Crispy Nuts

“If your diet does not have a lot of nuts and seeds, do not worry too much about the phytate content. Enjoy your food just as it comes off the tree or the plant. If you rely on foods like nut-based milk, you may want to consider fermenting them before drinking them. I would consider using water kefir grains to make fermented nut milk.”

Nourishing Traditions instructs on how to make “Crispy Nuts”, soaked and dehydrated nuts that supposedly have the enzymes of raw foods intact but the phytic acid and enzyme inhibitors obliterated.

Here is the Nourishing Traditions method for Crispy Nuts:

Soak 4 cups raw nuts in sea salt and filtered water to cover in a warm place at least 7 hours. Drain and spread in a single layer (I found that part out by experience) on pans and dry in an oven on its lowest temp for 12-24 hours. Freshly shelled nuts are best. (However, I’ll never buy unshelled nuts again after my husband and son spent half an hour cracking nuts for me and only got a pound or less! My husband thought I was crazy for buying so many, and half are still in my pantry, unshelled!)

If the temperature is 150 F or below, the enzymes are preserved. If your oven only goes to 170 F or something (like mine), you’re killing the enzymes anyway.

If this is the case at your home, to speed up the process and free up your oven more quickly turn the heat up to 250 F, or even 350 F, but only if you’re willing to watch the nuts very closely. Over-toasted walnuts just aren’t tasty – more “from experience” sharing!

NOTE:   30 “Healthy Snacks to Go” recipes to use all your crispy nuts now available as an eBook!

How much salt to add for various nuts:

Pecans, Walnuts* 2 teaspoons
Almonds, Peanuts, Pine Nuts, Hazelnuts, Cashews, Macadamia Nuts 1 Tablespoon
Pumpkin Seeds 2 Tablespoons

*On account of walnuts’ more sensitive fats, it is recommended that they be refrigerated.

I have to say, I simply guesstimate the amounts of salt when I’m soaking nuts. It’s another slightly frustrating process, not because it’s difficult (it’s absolutely easy), but because it’s another task wherein I start with nuts, do an hour or so of work, and end up with…nuts. The largest amount of your time is spent moving the nuts from the dehydrator trays or baking sheets into storage. I freeze them when I have room, just to ensure their quality.

Here’s MY method for soaking nuts:

Soak raw nuts in sea salt (the cheaper stuff!) and warm water that I heated in a teapot while I got everything else out of the cupboards. I dump the salt on the nuts in glass bowls and pour the water over them. Soak overnight (at least 7 hours). Drain in a colander. Arrange on dehydrator tray. Sometimes I sprinkle a little salt on the wet nuts once they’re spread out.

Dehydrate at 135F until crispy. Taste test to check: the nuts should practically pop (or crumble, depending on the nut) in your mouth. Just try not to eat them all when they’re warm and toasty! Almonds take 24 hours, walnuts and pecans between 12-16 hours. Store in glass jars, or at least airtight containers. Sometimes mine go right back in the plastic bag they came in. Note: I’ve done sunflower seeds, too, but was frustrated with sesame seeds. Might not try that one again!

Amanda Rose recommends:

Sprouting is best in her opinion, but she also soaks in warm water with no salt, or even cracks/slightly grinds the nuts, especially if she’s just planning on making nut butter from them. Cracking the nuts slightly allows (a) more enzyme inhibitors to work, and (b) faster drying time. There isn’t research that shows that salt water reduces phytic acid any more than plain water. (This information is from Rose’s white paper, “Reducing Phytic Acid in Your Food,” available for purchase here.)

I tried sprouting some conventional nuts, and nothing happened. Perhaps they weren’t as “raw” as the package claimed? Perhaps they had been irradiated (shudder) which killed them? I saw organic “really raw” nuts in my health food store that particularly noted “for sprouting,” but they were about three times the price. I can’t do it! Nuts are pricey already.

My 22-month-old daughter went through a phase where she only wanted to eat almonds for snacks. Because she doesn’t chew very well, so many almonds were evident on the other end…I started cringing thinking, “We’re paying good money for those nuts! Digest, digest!”  :)

Note: I understand as of spring 2014 that Nourishing Traditions has published new guidelines for soaking nuts, which may include a longer soak time and changing out the water, but I can’t find them! If you have a link or WAPF newsletter that details the new method, please share in the comments. Thanks!

Special Considerations: Blanched Almonds and Cashews

Cashews do not come raw, because they grow with a toxic poison inside, so they must be roasted to keep us safe. NT says you can still soak and dry cashews, just for the enzyme inhibitors, not the phytic acid or enzymes.

You can buy almonds with the brown skin on or off. Which to seek out?

The brown skin likely contains the vast majority of the phytic acid since it is like the bran of a wheat kernel. Therefore, some would say that a blanched (skinned) almond doesn’t need soaking. You can buy either one! UPDATE:  The comments are a must-read on this one. Buy with skins on for flavonoids, says a reader, and all almonds are pasteurized already. Read the comments! UPDATE 2:  I emailed Meijer and Country Life Naturals, the two places I get almonds, and both use the steam method of pasteurizing. No chemicals. As of 2013 or so, I’ve been buying almonds direct from the grower in California, which enables me to go around the pasteurization laws and get truly raw almonds. Awesome!

Note: I didn’t like soaked peanuts very much, because all the lovely salt soaked away. Salt makes a peanut! I think I’m just going to continue to buy regular store peanuts and not process them again at home. I’ll look for nuts with no MSG or other random additives in them (see next week’s Spring Cleaning: Get the Junk Out! Carnival topic). For example, Planter’s Dry Roasted peanuts have about 12 ingredients – yucky!

Special Considerations: Tips for Using an Oven

My mom regularly makes crispy nuts in an oven, and they’re excellent and yummy! Here are her tips (see also her baked apple chips in the oven):

How to Make Crispy Nuts in the Oven

  • Soak nuts with salt according to the recipe.
  • After draining, blot them with a towel so they’re less wet for the drying time.
  • Set your oven at its lowest setting. Mine says 170F, but it’s a ‘slow’ oven which should make it a bit less than 170.
  • Whole, raw almonds usually take 24 hours in my oven at its lowest setting.
  • Walnuts take 12+ hours.
  • Katie’s notes: Obviously, make sure you don’t need your oven during that time (although you could take the nuts out to bake something and then put them back in).
  • You can also “dry” them out at a higher temperature, like 300F, but it will only take a few hours and you risk singing them, which tastes horrible. If you try that, keep a close eye on them every half hour and more frequently as they get close.

How much does it cost to run an oven?

I figure it adds about a dollar a batch to run a dehydrator for 12 hours, almonds double that. I have a gas oven, which is less expensive than electric, so again I figure I need to add 50 cents per batch if I kill the enzymes.

Once I tried to pack too many cookie sheets in the oven to be more efficient, but stacking one on top of the other made my walnuts turn black. Yikes. They weren’t burnt at all, just black. So don’t stack cookie sheets up! You can do the math to figure out how much moolah your crispy nuts add to the price of a snack with my “How Much do Appliances Cost to Run?” post.

Aren’t Nuts Expensive?

Crispy Nuts

Unfortunately, yes. When I made my first batch of crispy nuts last winter, I took this comparison photo: On the left, 5 pounds of crispy nuts = over $25 and an hour’s work

On the right, 3 choices of conventional processed snacks = $4 and no work

It’s a hazard of eating real food, all right. It’s going to cost you more, most likely some more time and some more money. Of course, there are costs and hazards to the alternative, too. And they might just kill you.

Do you make crispy nuts? Do you find nuts bother your digestion?

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Images from steffenz and s58y.

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100 Bites of Conversation So Far

  1. says

    I made them for the first time a few weeks ago. We love them just as a snack. They are too salty to add to my (your, lol) granola though. I think since I don’t have a dehydrator, next time I’ll soak, chop, add to granola, and bake. Hopefully if they are mixed into the granola, they won’t taste so salty.

    Thanks for all of your research and hard work. Your site is invaluable to my whole foods journey. :-)
    .-= Musings of a Housewife´s last blog ..American Idol Recap =-.

  2. says

    Good post. We don’t eat a lot of nuts, mostly because they are so expensive. But we do have half a dozen or so pecan trees, and last Christmas I made my first ever pecan pie. I followed the soaking directions in NT, and dried them on my wood heat stove. They were so yummy and I didn’t add salt to the pie, the pecans were the perfect addition.

    We love sunflower seeds, but I have yet to try them with this method. You’ve got me thinking that I really should ….

  3. says

    okay, still not sure what phyatic acid is, but I’ll do my research! I like nuts, but they seem to upset my stomach in quantities larger than a small handful at a time. I hadn’t heard of the soaking thing. Maybe this is the key.
    I also didn’t know that brown rice needs to be soaked too before cooking. Good to know because I just bought a huge bag of it. (We had been eating white glutinous rice mixed with this purple wild rice at times…it is a korean thing.) More reading, need to read more! Thanks for this post!

      • says

        ohh, thank you so much! I had been reading a bit more, but it seems that sources are scarce on nuts…a lot about grains though…and I can’t eat many of those being gluten-intolerant.
        I just love your site…I am always learning more about better ways to preserve my health and the health of my family. You don’t know the service you do for others. Thanks!

  4. Metta says

    I’ve made crispy nuts/seeds once – with almonds and sunflower seeds. They were too salty for me (I like unsalted nuts), so that was a bit of a problem. However, I did notice the almonds digested easier with this method, than simply eating them raw. But it turns out I really prefer the taste of roasted almonds anyway, and I’m still on the fence about that b/c of ‘killing the enzymes’ when they are roasted.

    I soak pumpkin seeds overnight and add them to my breakfast in the morning (drained) without the extra step of making them ‘crispy’ and have no problems with that.

    I’ve stopped adding salt to my soaking liquid b/c it was too salty for my tastes.

  5. says

    We love soaked nuts – I like being able to soak and dehydrate, then store them at room temperature instead of in the freezer. I do soak mine with salt – I think different nuts absorb more than others. I love crispy pine nuts on a salad. I have 6 crispy almonds almost every morning for snack. Your article has given me much food for thought. I’ll be reading again and revisiting this topic. Thanks for posting!

  6. says

    just finished setting out my crispy nuts to dry. We heat with coal and our furnace is still running because of the cool nights – i set mine out on screens right over the warmest vent (which happens to be in my sewing room). They’re usually crispy in a day or so, so I guess it’s a good way to do it.

    I never like nuts much because of TMJ and having trouble chewing them. I find crispy nuts more easy to chew (though they are still crunchy) so have been able to add more my diet with less strain on my jaw.

    Question – If I’m making soaked granola, could I just throw unsoaked nuts in with the oats, or do they not like the yogurt/whey environment for soaking? This would save a step…
    .-= Trina´s last blog ..Flowers and Chocolate =-.

    • Katie says

      That is an excellent question. Part of me says “phytates are phytates” so they should all be broken down the same way, but then why are the processes different? If it were me, I’d probably do it. In fact, maybe I will! 😉 Katie

  7. karen says

    Has anyone tried adding other flavors to the soaking water? Cinnamon with almonds and black pepper with walnuts were the two combinations that sprang to mind.

  8. says

    Katie –

    WRT Planter’s peanuts, the “Lightly Salted” variety of the roasted peanuts does NOT have MSG; the regular (i.e., higher sodium) variety DOES.

    We love dry roasted peanuts around here and although there’s that certain *je ne sais quoi* that makes the regular ones really yum, we’re avoiding MSG and opt for the Lightly Salted version. The bonus is when I mix some of those peanuts with dried cherries & some freeze-dried fruit (apples, mostly), it makes a super-yummy snack and we don’t realize the peanuts are lower-salt, b/c the salt rubs off on the fruit and it tastes so good together. :)
    .-= sue´s last blog ..tasty tuesday: granola bars =-.

  9. jeni says

    I do mostly pecans and walnuts and add them to my salads. As far as price though, in your comparison…those are the kind of snacks one could mindlessly eat the entire bag of and still not feel exactly satisfied, ill maybe, but not satisfied. The crispy nuts on the other hand, If I’m on the go, I can grab a handful of the nuts and an orange or apple and it satisfies like a small meal. Its nearly impossible to eat to many of the nuts too! They are just way more satisfing(: As far as other flavors, I picked up some spicy pumpkin seeds at the store recently and was going to try to make my own, maybe with a bit of cayenne pepper, which is supposed to be a thermogenic (metabolism booster) or something like that(: As far as too much salt, I’m sure you could use less and have the same nutritional results. Plus, I find when I soak them they loose their slightly bitter least for the walnuts and pecans….maybe that is the phytic acid(: Anyway, I’d like to try maybe a maple glazed soaked nut in hopes my kiddos would like them…my kids arent huge nut fans unless it is the skippy “natural” brand peanut butter…oh well, baby steps!

    • Katie says

      Can I just second everything you said and thank you for answering all my comments today? 😉 Thank you! I probably should have pointed out that the chips and such are junk, but hopefully people know that. It’s just painful at first…

      :) Katie

  10. barb says

    I have been soaking my almonds for about a year now and find that it does make a huge difference in digestibility for me. Almonds used to give me a headache if I ate too many (more than a small handful). I don’t have that problem any more.

    As far as the cost of nuts as a snack versus the snack “foods” that you showed, the true cost will show up in the future from eating all those non-foods. Not to mention, 5 lbs of almonds would last me a long time since they are so satisfying. If I was eating doritos, I’d snarf down that whole bag, be unsatisfied (not to mention ill) and I’d keep eating. :-) If I eat the nuts, I’m truly happy with my handful. (especially if i pop them in the toaster oven with a sprinkle of fish sauce or tamari, yummy!)
    Great post!

  11. Mary Jo says

    Raw Almonds have already been pasteurized in this country, so you really don’t need to worry about preserving the enzymes. The laws changed about 2-3 years ago. They are either pasteurized by a toxic fumigant or high heat steam (I think around 188 degrees- I called a company I was buying nuts from). As far as the skin goes- this is what I found. So, don’t get rid of the skins!! The flavonoids found in almond skins team up with the vitamin E found in their meat to more than double the antioxidant punch either delivers when administered separately, shows a study published in the Journal of Nutrition.
    So, if you are buying Almonds, call the company to see HOW they are pasteurized!!!
    I also started putting my bowl of soaking pecans into the oven with the oven light over night (temp gets around 100 degrees) and Wow, what a difference it makes. They taste like butter!

    • Katie says

      Mary Jo,
      Thank you so much for this information. It kind of changes everything, doesn’t it? I’m calling Meijer tomorrow about almonds!
      :) Katie

    • says

      The other day I found “truly raw” almonds from Azure Standard and emailed to ask if they are pasteurized and this was their response:

      “The Truly Raw Almonds are truly raw. They are not flashed pasteurized, heated or treated in any way. They are straight from the grower to our warehouse with no stops or “middlemen” which is why they are raw in all aspects. ”

      So, it is possible to find raw almonds! I think Organic Pastures also sells truly raw almonds as well.
      .-= Carrie´s last blog ..Goat’s Milk =-.

      • Mary Jo says

        Very cool. I hadn’t looked into this for the last couple of years but I just read that 2 loopholes to the North American law of pasteurization was that you can buy them online or at a farmer’s market. Hmmm, I wonder what Azure standard charges for them…

        • says

          NOT cheap… $38.85 for 5lbs right now. Yikes!! We eat almonds and walnuts so frequently that I figured it would be better to have good quality, but it’s just SO expensive and I’m not sure if it’s worth it…
          .-= Carrie´s last blog ..Goat’s Milk =-.

          • Mary Jo says

            This is my reasoning- I soak the nuts and dehydrate at 155 degrees. If you purchase nuts that are steam pasteurized, the temperature is about 180- 188 degrees. I’m not sure 25 degrees is worth spending twice as much. Just my .02. HOWEVER, I will definitely spend the extra money on organic peanuts. Those are heavily sprayed and carcinogenic (from what I have learned).

            • Katie says

              Mary Jo,
              The temperature is all about enzymes: dead or alive? So yes, a few degrees makes a difference. Enzymes die above 150 F dry heat, 118 F wet heat. When I make my yogurt, if I stir in the culture starter when the milk is 125 degrees, I’m going to have nothing but milk. If I stir it in at 115, I get yogurt. Past. nuts have no living enzymes, so you can still soak them for max. digestibility, but just dry them out at any temperature you want. Does that make sense? (You may want to lower that temp 5 degrees, in fact!)

              Good call on the peanuts – I struggle with our choices for PB, because the organic one is in a plastic jar and has added sweeteners, but the regular natural version is “ingredients: peanuts” and in a glass jar. What’s up with that? 😉 Katie

              • Mary Jo says

                See, this is why I need an Excalibur dehydrator :) I set my dial around 150 (or 155) but I think it gets hotter than that. I can’t wait until it breaks! Either way, I can’t see myself paying nearly $8/lb on Almonds unless my family was doing GAPS.
                If you put your yogurt culture in at 125, the heat might kill the enzymes in your raw milk, but not the bacteria of your culture. (?) If you maintain 110 degrees you will get your yogurt and slightly higher temp the whey will separate slightly from the milk solids and you will get a riccota like cheese. I’m really horrible with the chemistry of all this, I am always confusing enzymes, bacteria etc.

              • Crystal says

                Just make your own peanut butter in the food processor or a high power blender- it really is easy and you can customize it to your liking- extra salt, light salt, a little honey, or whatever!

  12. Linda says

    I found your article very interesting. I try to do the crispy nuts but my oven only goes to 170. I thought that would do, but it sounds like I shouldn’t even bother. Also, I read in that even if the package says raw if they come from the U.S. they really aren’t. They are expensive and I can’t afford to order them online, and if my oven is killing all the good enzymes what’s the point? I think I should stop wasting my time trying to make crispy nuts! I do need to find some other snacks though.

    • Katie says

      Even without the raw enzymes, crispy nuts are still super healthy! You want to soak and toast them to make the minerals they contain available to your body – because they’re seeds, they’d rather not be digested well. Nuts make a great snack, enzymes or not.
      :) Katie

  13. says

    My daughter can’t handle nuts. Or couldn’t last time we tried, a few months back. Too bad because she LOVES them. Now that she’s tolerating the sprouted spelt well, though, crispy nuts are on my list of foods to try. I’m willing to do the work even though it’s “the same” after because I’ve noticed how well she does on raw milk and sprouted grains, vs. pasteurized milk and unsprouted grains. To me, it’s worth it to do more prep to be able to eat all the “normal” food. We went from being free of all dairy, legumes, nuts, grains, and more…to being free of nuts and seeds. Seriously? So much better.
    .-= Kate´s last blog ..Introducing Solids: What, When, How =-.

    • Katie says

      I thought I saw that you made biscuits! Woo hoo for grains coming back! You’re right, it’s worth it – I hope I didn’t come across as too negative on that. :) Katie

  14. says

    We don’t eat a lot of nuts, partially because of the cost and partially because I don’t care for them. We will occasionally throw some slivered almonds in with a salad or something. DH does love pine nuts, but those are some of the most $$ of all!
    I cannot eat cashews or pistachios (which happen to be the only two types of nuts that I really like). Somewhere around when I was in college either type of nut started giving me a horrid stomach ache for a few hours after eating them. I’ve also recently added kiwi to the list of things that I have this reaction to. Very strange.

  15. says

    OK!! This is what I have been wondering about. I knew the “raw” almonds in stores weren’t really raw, so I wasn’t sure whether there would still be any benefit to soaking and drying. (Just got an Excalibur – whee!) But it looks like there would still be benefit. When I’m making the big bucks I’ll start buying really raw almonds. 😉 Crispy nuts, here we come!
    .-= Katie ~ Simple Organic´s last blog ..Fruits and Veggies: When To Buy Organic =-.

  16. Katie says

    UPDATE: I emailed Meijer and Country Life Naturals, the two places I get almonds, and both use the steam method of pasteurizing. No chemicals. Phew.

    Thanks for the education, gals!
    :) Katie

  17. says

    Alright, so I want to try baking/cooking more with almond flour (to complement already using coconut flour frequently).

    Any suggestions on the best way about this so it isn’t terribly expensive and yet is still digestible with some health benefits? I have an excalibur dehydrator now, but not sure what’s the best way about this. Should I buy almonds or almond flour already blanched and then soak and dehydrate it for optimum digestibility? I know I’ll be losing the enzymes with baking. I’m kinda getting lost in all the different options- raw, pasteurized, blanched, whole almonds or almond flour… I need to sort this out! Help!

    • Katie says

      Now THAT is a good question. Let me turn on the ol’ brain…

      With almonds, you don’t have a phytate issue if you don’t have the skins, so blanched almonds (or flour, if that’s what it starts with) doesn’t benefit as much from the soaking/dehydrating. You could probably modify an almond flour recipe for soaking (or find one at a real food blog…but not mine, sorry). Since almond flour is so expensive, in my opinion, IF you have a really good blender or food processor (I have heard only the Vitamix/Blendtec sort has the power to get to flour) or a grain grinder that can handle nuts (Wondermill, for example – my Nutrimill won’t do nuts, so sad), you could soak, dehydrate, and grind your own. Phew! Feel better now? 😉

      Actually, if you wanted to save time, you could just zap your soaked almonds at 350F for an hour or two (more? almonds are so dense!) since you’ll be baking with them anyway. Your choice on that one!

      Good luck! :) Katie

      • says

        So let me see if I’m understanding this correctly.

        If I buy blanched almond flour (or buy almonds and blanch and grind them myself) and I’m planning on baking with it (at high temps), am I understanding that it will neither have the phytic acid problem (due to the skins being removed) and also won’t have enzyme inhibitors (due it being either pasteurized or baked at high heat)? I’m assuming that the regular old blanched almond flour no longer has either, due to no skins and the steam pasteurization. And I’ve found prices that really aren’t much worse than if I were to make the almond flour myself. (I’m hoping to save some time here too!) Am I good to use this blanched pasteurized almond flour as is? I’m thinking it’s only an issue if I buy my own truly raw almonds and then would need to soak/dehydrate (for phytic acid in the skins) and blanch.

        Hope I’m getting this right… it’s confusing sometimes! Silly almonds! 😉

        • Katie says

          I…think? I guess I don’t know about the enzyme inhibitors, but the enzymes themselves will be killed. ?? I’m thinking it’s pretty darn healthy at this point! :) Katie

    • Katie says

      Thanks for sharing. The comments there do make sense, although since it’s just a forum answer, I have no way of knowing the person’s background. :) Katie

  18. Co says

    I made some crispy nuts recently and was wondering about how to store them. I had them at room temperature but my walnuts tasted bad when I ate some today. Should I store them in the freezer or fridge?

  19. Co says

    I just reread this and think I found my answer. So, walnuts should be refrigerated right? Also, you keep as many as you have room for in your freezer to ensure quality?

  20. Anon says

    One of the main reason’s I dislike eating nut’s is cracking a tooth on a nut in the past. Are dehydrated nuts not firmer and harder on teeth then standard supermarket nuts?

    • Katie says

      I would say they are not. Walnuts and pecans feel the same, with a bit more flavor, and almonds aren’t harder, but they “pop” more when you bite them, like falling apart instead of just grinding in your mouth. I like them all better than unsoaked nuts! :) Katie

      • Anon says

        Thanks Katie. Is it true that phytic acid only draws minerals from the meal it is in? So you do not lose calcium in your body. Just the calcium in a bowl of oatmeal, for instance.

        • Katie says

          Tough to say! That one is so controversial about whether it even can affect the other foods you’re eating at the time at all… sorry I haven’t found to answer yet! :) Katie

          • Anon says

            Thanks again. What about a meal or snack, say an hour or two after you have eaten phytic acid?

            Would this still possibly have an effect on nutrients?

  21. shannon says

    Hi Katie. We use nuts probably about 5x a week for a snack or breakfast, especially now that I’ve found some awesome recipes in your e-book 😉
    I’ve never gone to the trouble of soaking nuts but would consider now if the evidence shows phytic acid is actually reduced. Reading “Living with Phytic Acid” Mr Nagel states it may be reduced. Do you know if Ms. Rose’s research shows it is actually reduced? Like everyone else, I’m just so busy I don’t want to add an extra step that is just a theory and not proven beneficial.

    • Katie says

      I honestly can’t remember if Amanda Rose’s research touches much on nuts;she talks a lot about grains. I’d search her blog real quick if I were you:

      Some people can *feel* the difference, as in they feel awfully if they eat unsoaked nuts. ??? That means something is being done, whether it’s phytic acid or not, I can’t say. never an easy answer, is there! :(

  22. says

    I just made a big batch of crispy walnuts. Nuts aren’t my fave, but I read that consuming more triptophan can increase seratonin, and I need that in the winter. Is there a reason you didn’t just dry them in the oven- that’s what I do.

  23. Heather says

    There are already 55 comments on this article and I don’t have time to read through them all to see if someone posted this already. You can get truly raw, unpasteurized almonds in the fall from California, but you have to know who to get them from. We used to have Nutty Guys in Salt Lake City who we could get these unpasteurized almonds from, but they’ve gone out of business. This year we paid a bit more ($3.75 per pound) and got them from’s annual group buy. She does this in October. I’ve NEVER tasted almonds so good! You know “almond” flavoring? Yep – that’s how these nuts taste. I keep them in the freezer and use as needed throughout the year.

    • Katie says

      Wow, Heather, thank you! That is an amazing price, period, for almonds!!!!! I just put it in my Google calendar to look into it next September/Oct. Thanks so much! :) Katie

  24. Diane via Facebook says

    I love cashews and almonds. I thought I’d read somewhere that cashews don’t need to be soaked as long.. Can you advise?

  25. says

    Diane Palma Bowman – Yes, I think cashews are 7 hours max. I don’t bother b/c it’s hard to keep them from getting slimy, so we just eat them from the store and say “oh well.” 😉

  26. says

    I guess I’m fortunate that my oven sucks- the lowest temp, which says 150 on the dial, comes in at like 130 on my oven thermometer. I honestly think my (totally crappy) dehydrator gets hotter… since it somehow managed to melt it’s own trays!

  27. Beth via Facebook says

    Where do you buy your walnuts? I read somewhere (I know, great sourcing 😉 that walnuts can have a fair amount of pesticide on them. The price of organic about kills me! I haven’t bought any in a while, but my son LOVES them.

  28. Christal via Facebook says

    That reminds me, my husband would gripe about me buying raw nuts, soaking them, then dehydrating them saying it was a waste of time and they weren’t that good anyway. So I stopped buying nuts period. He asked me to get him a bag of regular roasted/salted nuts, fine! He digs into the bag & starts munching walking away…comes back later to quietly inform me that they tasted like crap & were soft & chewy, that the nuts I make are far better. Ha!!

  29. says

    Beth Steenwyk – I posted about my “oops” with Diamond brand – BHT on the nuts!!! – earlier this month on FB. I need a better walnut source; I love them, too!

  30. Christina via Facebook says

    Thanks! I just soaked and sort of dried/roasted a bunch in the oven I broke two dehydrators already….

  31. chelsea says

    Hi! I’m interested in making some yummy seasoned nuts. Would it be better to season them, then dehydrate, or dehydrate then season? Thank you for this wonderful resource!

    • Katie Kimball @ Kitchen Stewardship says

      Hmm, I’ve never done those – do you use oil to get the seasonings to stick? If you have to roast them anyway, I’d say skip the dehyd altogether. Soak, pat to dry, add oil, season, and roast or dehydrate. That’s what I would do! :) Katie

  32. Darrell says

    I read about the method for reducing phytates in beans which involved heating the beans to 140F in a pot of water for 3 hours or so which removed about 40% of the phytates.

    Will the same method work on nuts?

    Apparently, testing proved that temperatures above and below 140F did not remove as many phytates. Perhaps nuts have a different goldilocks temperature than beans do?

    • Katie Kimball @ Kitchen Stewardship says

      I know the 140F for beans, too, but always only saw “warm” for nuts. I probably should be more vigilant about soaking in warm; sometimes I fudge it! Thanks for the reminder that it doesn’t work as well on either side…

      :) Katie

  33. Melissa says

    I am confused by the nut soaking/drying process. Do you have to do the drying with a dehydrator or can you do this in a regular oven?

    • says

      Yikes, I’m sorry I lost track of your comment for so long! Luckily, the answer is a good one – you can definitely do this process in an oven. Set it at the lowest temp – if that’s 150F, it’s just like a dehydrator, but many won’t go lower than 170F. Then you can either just bake them slowly like that (but you’ll kill the living enzymes in the nuts) or leave the door open an inch, which might keep the internal temp at 150F or less, in which case you can preserve some enzymes. It won’t hurt you to bake at higher temps, it just reduces the helpful part of the enzymes. Hope that helps! :) Katie

  34. Lori says

    Just thought you all should know that NT has updated info. on the soaking, etc. of nuts, grains, flour, etc. that you’ll really want to check out.
    I just soaked my raw peanuts in warm salt water for 36 hours total. It’s good to change that solution every 12 hours. By the time I was done, it took a long time to rinse off all that slippery stuff and lots of the redskins came off. I removed as much as I could. They also began to sprout a little bit (which is good!). :-) Anyway, I spread them on a tray and dried/lightly roasted them at 225 degrees F. for several hours until they looked and tasted the way I wanted them to. They were incredibly delicious!!! I don’t every want to go back to the shorter soaking again. No comparison, in my opinion. 36 hours is it for me from now on!!! :-)

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